Postcode 61965. Korea Republic. Gwangju Seo-gu Naebang-ro 152
[홍보담당] 5·18기념재단 고백과증언센터 팀장최경훈 062-360-0518
[관련문의] 5·18기념재단 국제연대부 부장 유인례 062-360-0521
다음 사항의 보도를 부탁드립니다.
미얀마 민주주의·인권유린 사태 방지를 위한
‘유엔 안전보장이사회 개최’, ‘무기 금수 조치 촉구 공동 성명서(영문)
5·18기념재단과 재단 네트워크는 2월 9일 미얀마의 구금된 정치·미주 인사들의 즉각 석방과 미얀마 군부의 2020년 11월 선거결과 승복을 요구하는 공동 성명서를 발표했다. 이어 24일 공동 성명서를 발표한다.
성명서의 주요 내용은 현재 미얀마에서 진행중인 민주주의와 인권 유린사태 방지를 위한 유엔 안전보장이사회 개최, 세계 유엔 회원국들이 미얀마에 대한 무기 금수 조치를 즉각 시행하라는 것이다.
미얀마 군부는 2020년 11월 총선에 아웅산 수치 국가고문이 이끄는 민주주의 민족동맹(NLD)이 압승해 문민정부에 힘이 실리자 선거의 부정을 주장하며 지난 1일 쿠데타를 일으킨 바 있다.
문의: 국제연대부 유인례 부장 062-360-0521
붙임: 영문 성명서 1부. 끝.
24 February 2021
Joint Call for a Global Arms Embargo on Myanmar An Open Letter to the UN Security Council and Individual UN Member States
We, the undersigned organizations, call on the United Nations Security Council and UN member states to urgently institute a coordinated, global arms embargo on Myanmar in response to the February 1, 2021 military coup that has deprived the people of Myanmar of the right to democratically elect their government. Our concerns are heightened by ongoing violations of human rights and the security forces’ history of grave abuses against peaceful critics of military rule, as well as against the Rohingya and other ethnic minority groups.
Under the commander-in-chief, Sr. Gen. Min Aung Hlaing, the Myanmar military has detained the elected civilian leaders of the country, nullified the results of the November 2020 democratic elections, and installed a junta, the State Administration Council, under a manufactured “state of emergency.” Since February 1, the junta has increasingly used excessive and at times lethal force at demonstrations; threatened and arbitrarily detained activists, journalists, students, and civil servants; and imposed rolling internet shutdowns that put lives at risk.
Days after the coup, UN Secretary-General António Guterres stated, “We will do everything we can to mobilize all the key actors and international community to put enough pressure on Myanmar to make sure that this coup fails.” The UN special rapporteur on Myanmar has called for targeted UN sanctions on the military and an arms embargo, while the deputy high commissioner for human rights has voiced support for targeted UN sanctions on the coup leaders.
In that spirit, we urge the Security Council to immediately impose a comprehensive arms embargo on Myanmar. Such a resolution should bar the direct and indirect supply, sale, or transfer of all weapons, munitions, and other military-related equipment, including dual-use goods such as vehicles and communications and surveillance equipment, as well as the provision of training, intelligence, and other military assistance. The embargo should be accompanied by robust monitoring and enforcement mechanisms.
Any sale or transfer of military-related equipment to Myanmar could provide the means to further repress the people of Myanmar in violation of international humanitarian and human rights law.
Until the Council acts, individual UN member states should adopt measures at the national and regional levels to block sales and other transfers of weapons and materiel to Myanmar, with the goal of extending an arms embargo to as close to a global scale as possible.
For decades, the Security Council’s response to crimes by the Myanmar security forces has been inadequate, emboldening the military to continue committing abuses without fear of serious consequences. The current crisis demands a change in course.
On February 4, the Security Council spoke with a single voice to demand the release of all those arbitrarily detained and the protection of the country’s democratic institutions. Council members should use that newfound consensus to take swift and substantive action. An arms embargo would be the centerpiece of a global effort to shield the people of Myanmar from a return to abusive and autocratic rule.
The time to act is now.
1. Access Now 2. Advocacy Forum-Nepal 3. AFL-CIO 4. All Arakan Students’ and Youths’ Congress 5. Arakan Information Center 6. Arakan Rivers Network 7. Arakan Rohingya Society for Peace and Human Rights 8. ARTICLE 19 9. ASEAN Parliamentarians for Human Rights 10. Asia and Pacific Alliance of YMCAs 11. Asia Democracy Network 12. Asia Justice and Rights (AJAR) 13. Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development (FORUM-ASIA) 14. Asian Human Rights Commission 15. Asian Migrant Centre 16. Asian Network for Free Elections (ANFREL) 17. Asian Resource Foundation 18. Association of Human Rights Defenders and Promoters 19. Association of Women for Awareness and Motivation (AWAM) 20. Australian Centre for International Justice 21. Australian Lawyers for Human Rights 22. BALAOD Mindanaw 23. Bir Duino Kyrgyzstan 24. Brotherhood For Democracy (BFD) 25. Burma Campaign UK 26. Burma Human Rights Network (BHRN) 27. Burmese Rohingya Association in Japan 28. Burmese Rohingya Community in Australia 29. Bytes For All 30. Cambodian Center for Human Rights (CCHR) 31. Cambodian Food And Service Workers Federation (CFSWF) 32. Cambodian Human Rights and Development Association (ADHOC) 33. Cambodian League for the Promotion and Defense of Human Rights (LICADHO) 34. Canadian Rohingya Development Initiative 35. Center for Alliance of Labor and Human Rights (CENTRAL) 36. Center for Peace Education, Miriam College 37. Center for Social Integrity 38. Centre for Human Rights and Development 39. Centre for Peace and Justice, Brac University 40. CIVICUS: World Alliance for Citizen Participation 41. Climate Change Working Group-Myanmar 42. Colorful Girls 43. Community Resource Centre Foundation (CRC) 44. Cross Cultural Foundation 45. CSW 46. Dawei Pro Bono Lawyer Network 47. Democracy, Peace and Women Organization 48. DHEWA (Development for Health, Education, Work, and Awareness) Welfare Society 49. Equality Myanmar 50. Equitable Cambodia 51. European Rohingya Council 52. Federal Association of Vietnamese Refugees in the Federal Republic of Germany 53. Fortify Rights 54. Free Rohingya Coalition 55. Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect 56. Global Justice Center 57. Global Witness 58. Htoi Gender and Development Foundation 59. Human Rights First 60. Human Rights Foundation of Monland 61. Human Rights Law Centre 62. Human Rights Office-Sri Lanka 63. Human Rights Watch 64. Human Rights Without Frontiers 65. Info Birmanie 66. Innovation for Change Network 67. Institute for Asian Democracy 68. Institute on Statelessness and Inclusion 69. International Campaign for the Rohingya 70. International Movement of Catholic Students (IMCS), Asia Pacific 71. International NGO Forum on Indonesian Development (INFID) 72. International Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims (IRCT) 73. Jewish Alliance of Concern Over Burma 74. Jubilee Australia 75. Justice for All/Burma Task Force 76. Justice for Myanmar 77. Kachin State Women’s Network 78. Karapatan Alliance Philippines 79. Karen Human Rights Group 80. KontraS Aceh 81. Loka Ahlinn Social Development Organization 82. Maldivian Democracy Network (MDN) 83. MAP Foundation 84. Medical Association for Prevention of War (Australia) 85. Mekong Migration Network 86. Mennonite Central Committee 87. MeSheWe 88. Mother Nature Cambodia 89. Myanmar Human Rights Alliances Network (MHRAN) 90. National Campaign for Sustainable Development Nepal 91. Never Again Coalition 92. New School for Democracy 93. No Business With Genocide 94. Nonviolence International 95. Odhikar 96. Olof Palme International Center 97. OutRight Action International 98. PAX 99. Pax Christi Aotearoa New Zealand 100. Pax Christi Australia 101. Pax Christi International 102. Pax Christi Korea 103. Pax Christi Philippines 104. People’s Empowerment Foundation 105. People’s Watch 106. Philippine Alliance of Human Rights Advocates (PAHRA) 107. Progressive Voice 108. Prosecute; don’t perpetrate 109. Public Association “Dignity” 110. Pusat KOMAS 111. Refugees International 112. Restless Beings 113. Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights 114. Rohingya Association of Canada 115. Rohingya Human Rights Initiative 116. Rohingya Today 117. Rohingya Women Education Initiative 118. Rohingya Youth for Legal Action 119. Smile Foundation 120. Swedish Burma Committee 121. Taiwan Association for Human Rights 122. Taiwan Forever Association (台灣永社) 123. Tampadipa Institute 124. The Arakan Project 125. The May 18 Memorial Foundation 126. The PLAN: Public Legal Aid Network 127. The Swedish Rohingya Association 128. Uniting Church in Australia, Synod of Victoria and Tasmania 129. US Campaign for Burma 130. Viet Tan 131. Vietnamese Women for Human Rights 132. Voice of Rohingya 133. Win Without War 134. World Federalist Movement/Institute for Global Policy 135. World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) 136. YMCA Mandalay 137. Youth Resource Development Program (YRDP)